Titles from HAMLET, Act III

    HAMLET 3

John Barrymore
John Barrymore

To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die; to sleep;
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause; there's the respect
That makes calamity of so long life;
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely,
The pangs of despised love, the law's delay,
The insolence of office and the spurns
That patient merit of the unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
That undiscover'd country from whose bourne
No traveller returns, puzzles the will
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pith and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action.--Soft you now!
The fair Ophelia! Nymph, in thy orisons
Be all my sins remember'd. (III,i)

Dante Gabriel Rossetti: Hamlet and Ophelia

The Murder of Gonzago
Daniel Maclise: The Play Scene in "Hamlet"

Eric Gill: The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Anonymous illustration of Edwin Booth's Hamlet

Penny Postcard, c. 1900
  • Evangeline Booth: To Be or Not To Be, That Is the Question
  • Pierre Vadeboncoeur: To Be or Not To Be: That Is the Question
  • Clifford Smyth: "To Be or Not To Be, That Is the Question"...for Ulster
  • Henry J. Jordan: "To Be or Not To Be," Happiness or Misery? "That Is the Question." Being Four Lectures on the Functions and Disorders of the Nervous System and the Reproductive Organs
  • Eileen Farrell: To Be or Not To Be: The Question of Parenthood
  • Duncan Williams: To Be or Not To Be: A Question of Survival
  • Claudia de Lys: To Be or Not To Be a Virgin
  • Marie Irish: To Be or Not To Be Married
  • Rienk Bouke Kuiper: To Be or Not to Be Reformed
  • Gene W. Marshall: To Be or Not To Be a Christian: Meditations and Essays on Authentic Christian Community
  • Ben Freedman: To Be or Not To Be Human: The Traits of Human Nature
  • Yuri Glazov: To Be or Not To Be in the Party: Communist Party Membership in the USSR
  • Christine Beazley: To Be...or Not To Be?: Pros and Cons of Abortion
  • Ben B. Boothe: To Be, or Not To Be, an SOB: Reaffirmation of Business Ethics
  • D. David Bourland, Jr., ed.: To Be or Not: An E-Prime Anthology
  • Paul Johnston, ed.: More E-Prime: To Be or Not 2
  • Leo Workman: To Be or Not To Be Bop
  • Douglas Lloyd: Chemistry of Conjugated Cyclic Compounds: To Be or Not To Be Like Benzene?
  • Marcus Binney: Country House: To Be or Not To Be
  • Henry Kane: To Die or Not To Die
  • Arthur S. Berger & Joyce Berger, eds.: To Die or Not to Die
  • William L. Clay: To Kill or Not To Kill
  • Stella Tagnin: "To Do" or "To Make," That's the Question
  • David Lloyd George: Slings and Arrows
  • Barbara Goolden: Slings and Arrows
  • Edwin Francis Edgett: Slings and Arrows
  • Hugh Conway: Slings and Arrows
  • Carlton Dawe: Slings and Arrows
  • George B. Perry: Slings and Arrows: Tales, Sketches and Verses, Grave and Gay
  • F. J. Fargus: Slings and Arrows and Other Tales
  • Jerome D. Levin: Slings and Arrows: Narcissitic Injury and Its Treatment
  • Robert Lewis: Slings and Arrows: Theater in My Life
  • Stuart Engstrand: The Sling and the Arrow
  • Rose Franken: Outrageous Fortune
  • Edgar Fawcett: Outrageous Fortune
  • Susan Kelly: Outrageous Fortune
  • Meredith MacHin: Outrageous Fortune
  • Cherry Vooght: Outrageous Fortune
  • David Leslie Murray: Outrageous Fortune
  • Ben Travers: Outrageous Fortune
  • Mary Elmblad: Outrageous Fortune
  • Elizabeth Ford: Outrageous Fortune
  • M. L. Machin: Outrageous Fortune
  • Huia Mase: Outrageous Fortune
  • Olav Lokse: Outrageous Fortune
  • Patricia Wentworth: Outrageous Fortune
  • Mary Emblod: Outrageous Fortune
  • Tim Scott: Outrageous Fortune
  • Claudia Slack: Outrageous Fortune
  • Michael Burke: Outrageous Good Fortune
  • Roger Keyes: Outrageous Fortune: The Tragedy of Leopold III of the Belgians -- The Scapegoat Who Saved the British from Defeat
  • John Pearson: Painfully Rich: The Outrageous Fortune and Misfortunes of the Heirs of J. Paul Getty
  • Maria McGuire: To Take Arms: A Year in the Provisional IRA
  • Barry Buzan: A Sea of Troubles?: Sources of Dispute in the New Ocean Regime
  • Margaret Duras: A Sea of Troubles
  • Anthony Ireland: A Sea of Troubles
  • Joseph J. McCoy: A Sea of Troubles
  • Janet L. Smith: Sea of Troubles
  • Richard G. Stern: Natural Shocks
  • Lincoln Kirstein: Flesh Is Heir
  • Ross Angel: To Sleep No More
  • Dinah Lampitt: To Sleep No More
  • L. V. Sims: To Sleep, Perchance To Kill
  • Ursula Bloom: Perchance To Dream
  • Chloe Gartner: Perchance To Dream
  • Damon Knight, ed.: Perchance To Dream
  • Kathleen Korbel: Perchance To Dream
  • Mary Luytens: Perchance To Dream
  • Ivar Novello: Perchance To Dream
  • Robert B. Parker: Perchance To Dream
  • Colleen Mariah Rae: Perchance To Dream
  • Joyce Lee: Perchance To Dream
  • Robert C. Brown: Perchance To Dream: The Patient's Guide to Anesthesia
  • Milo Manara: Perchance To Dream: The Indian Adventures of Giuseppe Bergman
  • M. A. Reeves: Perchance To Dream: A Collection of Poems by M. A. Reeves
  • Richard Rose: Perchance To Dream: The World of Ivor Novello
  • Maura Segar: Perchance To Dream
  • Natalie Shipman: Perchance To Dream
  • Emily H. Stevens: Perchance To Dream
  • Howard Weinstein: Perchance To Dream
  • Anne Morice: Sleep of Death
  • Richard Peck: Blossom Culp and the Sleep of Death
  • Gertrude Atherton: What Dreams May Come
  • Cynthia Asquith: What Dreams May Come
  • Kay Hooper: What Dreams May Come
  • Richard Matheson: What Dreams May Come
  • Junerwanda Michaels: What Dreams May Come
  • Florence Nevill: What Dreams May Come
  • Manly Wade Wellman: What Dreams May Come
  • Cynthia Asquith: This Mortal Coil
  • Russell T. Sharpe: This Mortal Coil
  • Grant Allen: This Mortal Coil
  • J. Russell Warren: This Mortal Coil
  • D. H. Lawrence: The Mortal Coil and Other Stories
  • Kenneth Vaux: The Mortal Coil: The Meaning of Health and Disease
  • Aldous Huxley: Mortal Coils
  • Peter Van Greenaway: The Immortal Coil
  • Arabella Kenealy: The Whips of Time
  • Norman Giles: The Whips of Time
  • David Wong Louie: Pangs of Love: Stories
  • Wendell Compton: Pangs of Puppy-Love and Other Poems
  • Sara Woods: The Law's Delay
  • John Odams: The Law's Delay: A Country Comedy in One Act
  • W. B. Northrop: The Insolence of Office
  • Margaret Escott: Insolence of Office
  • Caroline Cox & John Marks: Insolence of Office
  • Cyril Hare: With a Bare Bodkin
  • Francis Gerard: Bare Bodkin
  • Edward Geoffrey Parrinder: Something After Death?
  • J. M. Dillard: The Undiscovered Country
  • Georges Duquette: The Undiscovered Country
  • Eknath Easwaran: The Undiscovered Country: Exploring the Promise of Death
  • Charles S. Harrison: The Undiscovered Country
  • John Hay: The Undiscovered Country
  • William Dean Howells: The Undiscovered Country
  • David Farnleigh: Undiscovered Country
  • Stephen Jenkins: The Undiscovered Country: Adventures into Other Dimensions
  • Raymond Baughan: Undiscovered Country: Morning Thoughts To Brace the Spirit of the Common Man
  • Katherine Mansfield: Undiscovered Country: The New Zealand Stories of Katherine Mansfield
  • Stephen McKenna: The Undiscovered Country
  • Julian Mitchell: The Undiscovered Country
  • Ron Rhodes: The Undiscovered Country
  • Arthur Schnitzler: The Undiscovered Country
  • Jay Walz: The Undiscovered Country
  • Gaius Glenn Atkins: The Undiscovered Country and Other Addresses
  • Harold Bayley, ed.: The Undiscovered Country: A Sequence of Spirit-messages Describing Death and the After-world
  • Katherine Hulme: Undiscovered Country in Search of Gurdjieff
  • Robert C. Broderick: Heaven, the Undiscovered Country
  • Allen Josephs: For Whom the Bell Tolls: Ernest Hemingway's Undiscovered Country
  • Howard Murphet: Beyond Death: The Undiscovered Country
  • Tom Stoppard: Dalliance and Undiscovered Country
  • Robert Barr: From Whose Bourne
  • Luke Sharpe: From Whose Bourne
  • James Wallerstein: No Traveller Returns
  • John Collier: No Traveller Returns
  • Amber Dean: No Traveller Returns
  • Delano L. Ames: No Traveller Returns
  • Vera Jervis: No Traveller Returns
  • Joseph Auslander: No Traveller Returns
  • James Lord: No Traveler Returns
  • Henry Shoskes: No Traveler Returns
  • Richard Howard: No Traveller: Poems
  • Winifred Ashton: A Traveller Returns
  • David Christie Murray & Henry Herman: One Traveller Returns
  • Edward Dearden Carter: 'Pale Cast...': Poems and Illustrations
  • Elmer Hankes: Enterprises of Great Pith and Moment: A Proposal for a Universal Second Language
  • Graham Greene: The Name of Action
  • John Fraser: The Name of Action
  • Victor Churchill: All My Sins Remembered
  • Elaine Barrymore: All My Sins Remembered
  • Rosie Thomas: All My Sins Remembered
  • Joe Haldeman: All My Sins Remembered
  • Wilfred Ruprecht Bion: All My Sins Remembered: Another Part of a Life and the Other Side of Genius
  • Norbert Estey: All My Sins
  • W. S. Penn: All My Sins Are Relatives
  • Get thee to a nunnery; why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest; but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me. (III,i)
  • Richard Lederer: Get Thee to a Punnery
  • Frank Ernest Halliday: Indifferent Honest and Other Plays
  • If thou dost marry, I'll give thee this plague for thy dowry: be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou shalt not escape calumny. (III,i)
  • Mrs. M. C. Despard: Chaste As Ice, Pure As Snow
  • O, what a noble mind is here o'erthrown!
    . . .
    The glass of fashion and the mold of form
    . . .
    Now see that noble and most sovereign reason,
    Like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and harsh. (III,i)
  • Cecil Beaton: The Glass of Fashion
  • Ira Morris: The Glass of Fashion
  • Sydney Grundy: The Glass of Fashion: An Original Comedy in Four Acts
  • Harold Begbie: The Glass of Fashion: Some Social Reflections
  • Constance Harrison: Sweet Bells Out of Tune
  • Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue. . . . Suit the action to the word, the word to the action; with this special observance, that you o'er step not the modesty of nature: for any thing so overdone is from the purpose of playing, whose end, both at the first and now, was and is to hold, as 'twere, the mirror up to nature. (III,ii)
  • Barrett Clark: Speak the Speech
  • Harry Heltman: Trippingly on the Tongue: How To Teach Distinctness in Speech
  • Bella Womack: Suit the Action to the Word
  • B. A. Young: The Mirror Up to Nature: A Review of the Theatre 1964 - 1982
  • Karelisa Hartigan: To Hold a Mirror to Nature: Dramatic Images and Reflections
  • Peter Knudtson: A Mirror to Nature: Reflections on Science, Scientists, and Society
  • Rose A. Zimbardo: A Mirror to Nature: Transformations in Drama and Aesthetics, 1660 - 1732
  • Orley I. Holtan: Introduction to Theatre: A Mirror to Nature
  • Vicki L. Heltunen: A Mirror unto Nature: The Printed Art of Natural History
  • Give me that man
    That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him
    In my heart's core. (III,ii)
  • Richard King: Passion's Slave
  • Alexis Hill: Passion's Slave
  • Kay McMahon: Passion's Slave
  • Hamlet. Lady, shall I lie in your lap?
    Ophelia. No, my lord.
    Hamlet. I mean, my head in your lap.
    Ophelia. Ay, my lord.
    Hamlet. Did you think I meant country matters? (III,ii)

    Claudius trying to pray
    Eugène Delacroix: Hamlet
    Comes upon the King at Prayer
  • Jo Northrop: Country Matters
  • Phil Drabble: Country Matters
  • Fred Basnett: Country Matters
  • Clare Leighton: Country Matters
  • Ian Niall: Country Matters
  • Duff Harte-Davis: Country Matters
  • Duff Harte-Davis: Further Country Matters
  • Barbara Webster, ed.: Country Matters, an Anthology
  • Peter Mullen: Country Matters: Further Tales of a Country Parson
  • Vance Bourjaily: Country Matters: Collected Reports from the Fields and Streams of Iowa
  • W. H. Graham: Greenbank Country Matters in 19th Century Ontario
  • Daniel Hoffman: Faulkner's Country Matters: Folklore and Fable in Yoknopatawpha
  • John Adlard: The Sports of Cruelty: Fairies, Folk-songs, Charms and Other Country Matters in the Work of William Blake
  • John Hollander: Town & Country Matters: Erotica & Satirica
  • William Cobbett: Cobbett's Country Book: An Anthology of William Cobbett's Writings on Country Matters
  • Fred Archer: The Countryman Cottage Life Book (Country Matters)
  • Margaret Baker: Folklore and Customs of Rural England (Country Matters)
  • Roger Burrows: Wild Fox: A Complete Study of the Red Fox (Country Matters) Roy Barette: Countryman's Bed-Book: More Observations on Country Matters from Amen Farm
  • The lady doth protest too much, methinks. (III,ii)
  • Guy Endore: Methinks the Lady --
  • Wendy Sanders: Asides: Me Thinks the Lady Doth Protest Too Much
  • King. Have you heard the argument? Is there no
    offence in't?
    Hamlet. No, no, they do but jest, poison in jest; no
    offence i' the world.
    King. What do you call the play?
    Hamlet. The Mouse-trap. (III,ii)
  • John Dickson Carr: Poison in Jest
  • Agatha Christie: The Mousetrap
  • For some must watch, while some must sleep;
    So runs the world away. (III,ii)
  • William C. Dement: Some Must Watch While Some Must Sleep
  • E. L. White: Some Must Watch
  • Frederick Davis: Some Must Watch
  • Edwin Daly: Some Must Watch
  • Ethel White: Some Must Watch
  • Belton Cobb: Some Must Watch
  • Stephen Ransome: Some Must Watch
  • Anna Steele: So Runs the World Away
  • Edith Dickinson: So Runs the World Away
  • Henryk Sienkiewicz: So Runs the World
  • Would not this, sir, and a forest of feathers -- if the rest of my fortunes turn Turk with me -- with two Provincial roses on my razed shoes, get me a fellowship in a cry of players, sir? (III,ii)
  • Margaret Hoffmann: A Forest of Feathers
  • Margaret Jowett: A Cry of Players
  • William Gibson: A Cry of Players
  • Joan Howes: A Cry of Players
  • Hamlet. Do you see yonder cloud that's almost in
    shape of a camel?
    Polonius. By the mass, and 'tis like a camel,
    Hamlet. Methinks it is like a weasel.
    Polonius. It is backed like a weasel.
    Hamlet. Or like a whale?
    Polonius. Very like a whale. (III,ii)
  • Ferdinand Mount: Very Like a Whale
  • John Osborne: Very Like a Whale
  • How now! a rat! Dead, for a ducat, dead! (III,iv)
  • Leo Bruce: Dead for a Ducat
  • Laurence Payne: Dead for a Ducat
  • Helen Reilly: Dead for a Ducat
  • Rupert Croft-Cooke: Dead for a Ducat
  • Simon Shaw: Dead for a Ducat
  • 'Tis now the very witching time of night
    When churchyards yawn and hell itself breathes out
    Contagion to this world: now could I drink hot blood,
    And do such bitter business as the day
    Would quake to look on.
    . . .
    I will speak daggers to her, but use none. (III,ii)
  • Fayrene Preston: The Witching Time
  • John William De Forest: Witching Times
  • Henry Norman: The Witching Time: Tales for the Year's End
  • Augustus Thomas: The Witching Hour
  • Florence Stevenson: The Witching Hour
  • Rona Randall: The Witching Hour
  • Lee Bennett Hopkins: Witching Time: Mischievous Stories and Poems
  • Cynthia Asquith: When Churchyards Yawn: Fifteen New Ghost Stories
  • John Lodwick: Contagion to This World
  • Ken Englade: Hot Blood: The Money, the Brach Heiress, and the Horse Murders
  • Eleanor Hibbert: Such Bitter Business
  • Gini Hartzmark: Bitter Business
  • Rosemary Edghill: Speak Daggers to Her
  • The cease of majesty
    Dies not alone; but, like a gulf, doth draw
    What's near it with it. (III,iii)
  • Max Reese: The Cease of Majesty
  • Behind the arras I'll convey myself,
    To hear the process. (III,iii)
  • Claire Irwin: Behind the Arras
  • Constance Neville: Behind the Arras
  • Bliss Carman: Behind the Arras: A Book of the Unseen
  • O! my offense is rank, it smells to heaven;
    It hath the primal eldest curse upon't;
    A brother's murder.
    . . .
    Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens
    To wash it white as snow?
    . . .
    My words fly up, my thoughts remain below;
    Words without thoughts never to heaven go. (III,ii)
  • Honor Matthews: The Primal Curse: The Myth of Cain and Abel in the Theatre
  • Richard Faber: A Brother's Murder: Lees Court, Sheldwich, 1655
  • Isabella Mayo: White As Snow
  • Virginia Koste: White As Snow
  • Edward Ruscha: Words without Thought Never to Heaven Go
  • Look here, upon this picture, and on this,
    The counterfeit presentment of two brothers. (III,iv)
  • Norbert Lynton: Look Here upon This Picture -- and on This -- : A Personal Selection from the Towner Art Collection
  • William Dean Howells: A Counterfeit Presentment
  • You cannot call it love, for at your age
    The heyday in the blood is tame.
    . . .
    O shame! where is thy blush? Rebellious hell,
    If thou canst mutine in a matron's bones,
    To flaming youth let virtue be as was,
    And melt in her own fire. (III,iv)
  • Geraint Goodwin: The Heyday in the Blood
  • Benjamin Church: An Address to a Provincial Bashaw: O Shame! Where Is Thy Blush?
  • Warner Fabian: Flaming Youth
  • Samuel Hopkins Adams: Flaming Youth
  • Stephen H. Norwood: Labor's Flaming Youth: Telephone Operators and Worker Militancy, 1878 - 1923
  • A king of shreds and patches -- (III,iv)

    closet scene
    Henry Fuseli: Gertrude, Hamlet, and
    the Apparition of Hamlet's Father
  • Mabel Constanduros: Shreds and Patches
  • Laura Andress: Shreds and Patches
  • Reginald Rankin: A Thing of Shreds and Patches
  • Ira Wilson: Shreds and Patches from Gilbert and Sullivan
  • I must be cruel, only to be kind. (III,iv)
  • Hermann Vezin: Cruel To Be Kind

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    Act IV
    Act V

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    Last updated 9 October 2007.